Vertical farming is a practical but highly effective method of producing food and medicine integrated into other structures such as vertically stacked layers, vertically inclined surfaces. The modern ideas of vertical farming, using indoor farming techniques and control-environment agriculture (CEA) technology, are a new achievement in today’s agricultural world, and we can control many environmental factors in this vertical farming.
Vertical farming is a revolutionary and sustainable farming system because it reduces water demand by up to 70% and saves considerable space and soil volume. Because this innovation is an expected goal in the agriculture industry, its footprint is still successful today with its eco-friendly methods, especially in the present difficult environment, which plays a major role in making agriculture a reality.
Let’s take a look at some of the important vertical farming innovations that will meet your expectations in the present as well future!
1. Hydroponics – a plant growing technique that does not require soil.
Hydroponics is an important development method used in a vertical farming garden system and is gaining importance slowly but steadily. It involves the growth of plants in solutions of nutrients that are not free from the soil.
In this vertical agricultural invention, the roots of plants are immersed in the solution of nutrients. It is often put into circulation to ensure the proper chemical composition is maintained in the nutrient solution.
2. Aeroponics – Grow plants without soil and with very little water
Aeroponics innovation in vertical agriculture was developed in the 1990s by the National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA). This technique is defined as the process of growing plants in a unique environment with very little water, air or mist.
This has undoubtedly proven to be the most efficient way of vertical farming because it uses 90% less water than hydroponic systems. Plants grown with the aeroponics system consume more vitamins and minerals, making the plants healthier and more nutritious.
3. Aquaponics – An ecosystem that encourages plants and fish farming together
The Aquaponics System aims to combine and grow fish and plants in the same ecosystem. In this system, fish are grown in indoor ponds, which produce nutrient-rich waste, which is a source of food for plants grown on vertical farms.
Plants clean and filter wastewater, which is recycled and sent directly to fish ponds. It is still used by many commercial vertical growers who want to produce a few crops that grow fast. It also improves efficiency and, as a result, simplifies production and economic problems.
4. Lokal – Provide fresh food right wherever it is grown
According to Local’s designers, greens grow three times faster in local than traditional gardens. They are also testing another invention that incorporates sensors into their growth plates to help them check the status of crops with the help of smartphones or Google Homes.
For a long time, people have used machine learning to collect and analyze data from people who use Logical to assess productivity. This innovation will help people grow fresh foods at their local mini-farms.
5. Plantscapers – A Building that Provides Food for its Occupants
Plantagon, a Swedish food technology company, is looking to turn office space and buildings into a farming area that will feed a large number of people. To use innovative methods of vertical farming, Plantagon has acquired the rights to the vertical greenhouse from an organic farmer named AKe Olsson.
Olson developed a rack transport system that moves planting boxes from the floor to the ceiling of a vertical greenhouse so that no artificial light is needed. These vertical greenhouses or plants are directly integrated with the operation of hydroponic farming in office buildings.