Communities around the world and their ability to produce food are essential for their survival. We also need to increase production capacity or agricultural products to suit the growing human population. However, the limitations of natural resources, including farmland, are a particular barrier to agriculture and food security. Vertical farming is thus a new and alternative method of discovery. Although this innovation has many advantages over agriculture, it has some drawbacks and some disadvantages.
1. Problems are created related to economic viability due to costs
There will be fewer jobs as people do not need to carry crops, resulting in many people jobless and farmers losing jobs. Another drawback is the lack of pollinators in the crops, which may need to be done manually. Because the pollination has to be done by hand, the wages paid are also very high.
Building vertical farms in expensive cities will increase total investment and operating costs. Moreover, approving the construction of vertical farms may increase the cost of occupation due to additional need.
2. Possible environmental and energy impacts occur
Concerns about pollution and sustainable use arise because home-grown crops depend on artificial light. Although the use of light-emitting diode or LED lighting in photo-voltaic solar panels reduces the cost of electricity consumption, it still has its effects. So that the usage of LED grow lights has increased. There are so many vertical gardening farms using 1000-watt LED grow lights. In addition to these artificial lighting, a vertical farm has complex machinery and automated systems. Therefore, vertical farming requires more energy input compared to field farming.
Since vertical farming depends on the use of fossil fuels, this practice has even more significant effects. There is a need to develop renewable and alternative energy technologies to ensure the environmental sustainability and energy efficiency of vertical farming.
3. There is potential for disruption to the village and its communities
Another challenge and disadvantage are that vertical farming involves the potential to destabilize communities that rely on agriculture. Vertical farms can make traditional agricultural work obsolete. Families who live below the poverty line and the poverty line that relies on agriculture, in particular, will definitely suffer.
As a result, urban agriculture will compete with rural agriculture. To effectively transition to vertical farming, there is a need to formulate and implement strategies or programs aimed at educating government officials, creating relevant laws or policies, and introducing new trends in agriculture.
4. The need for advanced technologies and complex processes
Building and operating a vertical farm requires the use of various technologies that are aligned at a high startup cost and design complex processes. It is more expensive to start and maintain vertical farming than traditional field farming.
IT-related technology can help track crops, crop maintenance, recording outputs and determining demand. Nonetheless, creating and operating a vertical farm for someone with no relevant familiarity, connection and capital can be challenging.
5. The artificial environment can fail at any point
Finally relying on technology can be a major disadvantage for vertical farming. If a vertical farm loses energy per day, it will be a huge loss in production. This means that vertical farming depends on an artificial atmosphere that maintains a temperature of 40 ° C and constant humidity, and crops grown by these vertical farms may die from energy shortages.